History:Inundated with vestiges of rich history, the modern day J&K had been the part of eminent Mauryan records in 250 BC. Turning pages of the vivacious era of Ashoka, Jammu and Kashmir was renowned as Pandrethan city that sheltered many Chaityas and Viharas. History records political disorders since time immemorial in the state, from the reign of Akbar in 1587 to the contemporary era, disarrangement has followed J&K incessantly. Despite the prevailing circumstances, the state has managed to grow as a hub of harmonious culture, ingenious art and craft and indomitable population. The reign of Zain-Ul-Abidin in the 15th century opened door for the prosperity of art, music and culture along with development in several other spheres. Under the Mughal rule, the two prominent gardens namely Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh were created. After the Sikh rule (1819-1947), the state of Jammu and Kashmir dawned into its original form under the Dogra rulers and thereafter officially integrated as a part of India in 1948.
Location:Scintillating crown of the Indian Peninsula, the state of Jammu & Kashmir share border with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south, while it also has an international border with Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir) in the west and northwest and Republic of China in north and northeast. Thus, it retains to itself a rather picturesque landscape that is capable of attracting tourists worldwide.